Taikang: Si surname, Xia Hou clan, named Taikang, the eldest son of Qi, the third queen of the Xia Dynasty (the ruler of the Xia Dynasty reigned as queen and died as king).

Taikang won the war for the ruler of the Queen of Xia and became the queen, and moved the capital to the city of Xinjiang (now at the site of Erlitou, Erlitou Village, Zhai Town, Yanshui City, Luoyang City, Henan Province). Taikang was spoiled since childhood and followed his father Qi to enjoy himself, and his life was even more corrupt after his reign. He only cared about playing and enjoying himself without regard to the government, and went out hunting for months without returning; he was seized by Yi and was called “Taikang lost his country”, and Taikang went into exile to Gedi (now Taikang Mausoleum in Wangling Village, Chengguan Hui Town, Taikang County, Zhoukou City, Henan Province).


Taikang lost his country

In the later years of his life, Qi became increasingly corrupt and neglected the imperial government. After the death of Qi, Taikang took the throne and followed the example of his father Qi, which led to increasingly sharp internal conflicts and external betrayal by the four barbarians. One day Taikang took his family and close friends out for hunting for several months and did not return; Yi, the leader of the Eastern barbarians, took the opportunity to rise up and start a war to capture the capital city of Queen Xia, and Yi became the substantial ruler of Queen Xia (Yi also established an independent state with Queen Xia); Yi became the substantial ruler of Queen Xia; Taikang was rejected outside the city and lost his ruling power and was exiled to Gedi by Yi. Tai Kang died of illness and Yi installed Tai Kang’s fourth brother Zhong Kang as the queen (puppet), Yi was still the substantial ruler of the Queen of Xia; seven years later, Zhong Kang died of illness and Yi installed Zhong Kang’s son Xiang as the queen (puppet), Yi was still the substantial ruler of the Queen of Xia; one year later, Yi felt that his ruling position was solid and determined to replace the Queen of Xia, Yi moved the capital to Xinxin; Xiang was exiled by Yi (the Queen of Xia became an exile regime under the leadership of Xiang), the history is called. “Tai Kang lost his country” or “Hou Yi replaced Xia”.

Song of the Five Sons

Because Taikang was always in exile, Wu Guan, the fifth brother of Taikang, accompanied his mother to the north bank of the Luo River to look forward to Taikang’s return, but he could not wait, so Wu Guan poured out his desolate and sad feelings and remembered the merits and virtues of his grandfather Yu, so he composed “Song of the Five Sons”. This song is the famous “Song of the Five Sons” in the “Shang Shu”. The original text of “Song of the Five Sons”: Taikang corpse, to the yi yu destroy the virtue, the people salty II, is pan travel without degree, hunting in the table of you Luo, ten ten ten years to not turn. There is a poor Hou Yi because the people do not tolerate, from the river, the five brothers of their mothers to the εΎ“, wait for the Luo of the river-bend. The five sons of salty grievances, described the precepts of Dayu for song. One of them said: “The royal ancestors have instructions, the people can be near, not down. The people are the foundation of the state, this solid state peace. I look at the world’s fools and foolish women, one can win to, one person three failures, the complaint is not in the bright, do not see is the figure. I am in front of the people, the service is like a rotten rope of the six horses, for the people on the person, why not respect?” The second said: “training there is, inside for the color of the desert, outside for the bird desert. Sweet wine and music, a steep building carved walls. There is one in this, not or not die.” The third said: “But he Tao Tang, there is this Ji Fang. Now the loss of the road, the chaos of its discipline, is whet the destruction.” The fourth said, “Ming Ming my ancestor, the ruler of all states. There are rules and regulations, I have their descendants. Guan Shi and Jun, the king’s house is there. The desolate fall of the order, the overthrow of the clan extinct sacrifice!” The fifth said: “Oh, where to return? I am sad. Ten thousand surnames hate to give, I will follow the category? I have a coy heart and a thick face. I am not cautious of virtue, although regret can catch up?” Translation of Song of the Five Sons1: Taikang was in a position of honor but did not govern, and he preferred peace and happiness, and lost the virtue of the ruler, and all the people had second thoughts; he even went to the south of Luo Shui to hunt without restraint, and did not return for a hundred days. Yi, the ruler of a poor country, could not bear it, and defended Taikang in the north of the river to prevent him from returning to his country. Five of Taikang’s brothers, who served their mother followed Taikang and waited for him at the bay of Luo Shui. At this time all five of them complained against Taikang and therefore wrote songs recounting the teachings of Dayu. The first of these songs says, “The great ancestors had a clear teaching that the people can be close but not despised; the people are the foundation of the nation, and when the foundation is strong, the nation will be at peace. I see that all the people of the world, foolish men and women, can win against me. A man has made many mistakes. Should we wait for the people’s discontent to become apparent? It should be examined while it is still fresh. I rule the people of the megapolis with fear as if I were driving six horses with a bad rope; how can a man who is a ruler not respect and fear?” The second of them says: “The teaching of King Yu is so clear, but you are obsessed with women inside, and soar in hunting outside; you love wine and music, and build high halls and decorate the palace walls. If there is only one of these things, no one will perish.” The third of them says: “Emperor Yao of the Tao-Tang clan used to own the place of Jizhou. Now he has abandoned his way of government and disrupted his political system. He has brought about his own downfall!” The fourth of them says: “My glorious grandfather was the great ruler of all nations. There were rules and laws that were passed down to his descendants. The levies and measures were evenly distributed, and the king’s treasury was rich. If we now abandon his traditions, we will cut off the sacrifices and endanger the clansmen!” The fifth of them says: “Alas! Where can I return? My heart is sad! Who will we rely on when all the clans hate us? My heart is depressed, and my face is ashamed. I do not wish to be prudent in my ancestral virtues, but even if I were to repent, would I be able to redeem myself?” Translation of the Song of the Five Sons2: I. Dayu said that the people can be approached, but not despised. The people are the foundation of the country, and only when the foundation is solid can the country be at peace. Second, Dayu said, “Do not be greedy for women, hunting and fun, wine, or luxurious houses. Just one of these will lead to the death of the country. Third, the Taotang tribe had a very large land area, but because of the loss of virtue and the corruption of the rules and regulations, it led to the downfall. Fourth, Dayu was a model for future generations, ruling the code of laws, because Taikang abandoned the code of laws, resulting in the extinction of the temple sacrifice. V. We were forced by Hou Yi to the other side of the Luo River, without a place to return to, sighing with regret for our imprudent behavior. Translation of Song of the Five Sons 3: Our ancestor, Dayu, once instructed his descendants that the people are the foundation of the state, and only when the foundation is secure can the state be at peace. A ruler should be diligent in his administration, and should govern the country well. If he is greedy for wine and sex, or is fond of hunting, or if he builds pavilions and palaces, he will lose the hearts of the people if he does one of these things, and the country will fall. In memory of our ancestor Dayu, who was the ruler of all nations, he managed the world in an orderly manner and made the people live and work in peace and happiness. Taikang disobeyed his ancestors and wasted his time in government, causing the people to hate us, subverting the dynasty created by our ancestors, and putting us in a miserable situation. O Taikang, you have made a great mistake, and how painful it is in our hearts! The meaning of “Song of the Five Sons” is that “the people are the foundation of the state”, which reflects the people-oriented thinking of the ruler.


Taikang’s Tomb

Taikang, the third ruler of the Xia Dynasty, died in exile and was buried in Taikang Tomb (located in Wangling Village, Chengguan Hui Town, Taikang County, Zhoukou City, Henan Province).

Taikang Tomb is one of the key cultural relics in Taikang County; it covers an area of about 600 square meters, and the tomb is 2~3 meters high, with a green stone monument in front of the tomb facing south and hiding a gold bird inside; the monument is 6 feet high, 2.5 feet wide and about 6 inches thick, with an epitaph inscribed in oracle bone seal characters; there are Han Dynasty rope pattern plate tiles, simple tiles and tomb bricks with geometric patterns on the ground and in the sealed soil of the tomb mound, and the tomb may have been rebuilt in the Han Dynasty. Taikang’s grandson Shaokang was also buried here after his death, which is known as the second tomb of King Kang, and has been rebuilt and restored many times by successive dynasties. 1934 A.D. (Republic of China 23 years), the then governor of Taikang Zhou Zhenxi asked folk craftsmen in front of the tomb to repair the pagoda more than ten feet high brick and red tiles carved flowers and carved dragons very exquisite, and sent special guards every year the Qingming Festival in the city teachers and students are to this tomb planting, tourists also come here for sightseeing tours. May 1966 AD to October 1976 AD (Cultural Revolution period) Taikang tomb green monument was smashed mausoleum was dug, when dug from the southwest inside the water cold prickly bones cast stone to try seemingly bottomless abyss, people suspected of traps so dare not dig again after closed and masonry, Taikang tomb was saved by a fluke.

Historical Records

Records of History – Volume 2 – The Second Chronicle of Xia Benji, The Book of Shang

Historical evaluation

Kong Anguo commented: “Pan Yu wandered in the fields and did not care about civil affairs, so he was expelled by Yi and could not rebel against his country. Taikang’s fifth brother and his mother treated Taikang in the north of Luo Shui, resenting his failure to rebel, so he composed a song.” Xu Guang quoted Huangfu Qui evaluation: “said the first year of Xia Qi A Chen, ten years Kecheng collapse.” Fan Ye in the Book of the Later Han commented, “Xia Hou’s Taikang lost virtue, the barbarians began to shore.”


Father: Qi

Qi Portrait

Second brother: Yuan Kang Third brother: Bo Kang Fourth brother: Zhong Kang Fifth brother: Wu Guan

Game image

The World 3

World 3 is a 3D role-playing action online game developed by NetEase, which was released on June 16, 2017 with the version of “Sword Whistling Kunlun”. The game is based on “when Qi was fifty years old, he was on a tour to Leizhe and was suddenly and strangely assassinated, and several imperial sons in the dynasty immediately launched their pursuit of power after learning that their father had been assassinated.” As the background.

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